Projects and project management in Georgia
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi.
During the classical era, several independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia. The Georgians adopted Christianity already in the early 4th century, which had an enormous importance for spiritual and political unification of early Georgian states. A unified Kingdom of Georgia reached its Golden Age during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 12th and early 13th centuries. Thereafter, the kingdom declined and eventually disintegrated under hegemony of various regional powers, including the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire, and successive dynasties of Iran.
In 1801, the Russian Empire conquered the kingdom in 1801. During the Civil War following the Russian Revolution in 1917, Georgia emerged as an independent republic before the Red Army invasion in 1921 ended this independence. After the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, a native Georgian, died in 1953, a wave of protest spread against Nikita Khrushchev and his de-Stalinization reforms. The republic suffered from instability and many changes in government. Finally, a pro-independence movement led to the secession from the Soviet Union in April 1991. However, post-Soviet Georgia suffered from several civil conflicts, secessionist wars in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and territorial disputes with Russia. Subsequently, Georgia pursued a pro-Western foreign policy, aiming at NATO and European integration, also introducing democratic and economic reforms.
The Economy of Georgia is an emerging free market. Its gross domestic product fell sharply following the collapse of the Soviet Union but recovered in the mid-2000s, growing in double digits thanks to the economic and democratic reforms brought by the peaceful Rose Revolution. Since 2014, Georgia is part of the European Union’s Free Trade Area, with the EU continuing to be the country’s largest trading partner. Georgia’s modern economy has traditionally revolved around Black Sea tourism, cultivation of citrus fruits, tea and grapes; mining of manganese and copper; and the output of a large industrial sector producing wine, metals, machinery, chemicals, and textiles. According to the Georgian Agency Enterprise Georgia the country is attractive for investment due to political stability, an efficient, pro-business and corruption-free government, competitive cost of labour and energy as well as simple, low and efficient taxation. As it is the entry gate between Europe and Asia it offers great opportunities as a hub for hospitality, manufacturing, logistics and business process outsourcing. The World Bank ranks Georgia second in its “Ease of Doing Business 2019” report for starting a business and 4th for registering a property.
Major projects in Georgia cover a wide range of activities, covering for example the construction of a deep-see port at Anaklia for container ships and mixed cargo ships, a new railway line Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) connecting the Caspian See with Europe, and many projects in the Energy sector, especially seeking for investments in hydro power, wind, geothermal and solar facilities. The development of Georgia is also supported by World Bank, the European External Action Service (EEAS) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) as well as Asia Development Bank (ADB) and Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). The Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure of Georgia plans to perform 2.500 infrastructural projects between 2017 and 2020, building or renewing 1.000 km roads, providing half a million inhabitants with water supply, starting operations for seven new regional landfills and carrying out rehabilitation work for more than 120 social and cultural infrastructural objects.
In 2017, the Georgia Project Management Association was founded and accepted by IPMA in March 2018 to become a member. The major goal of GPMA is to increase the awareness about Project Management Profession, Practice and Science in Georgia and to improve competences of project managers (including young professionals) in Georgia. Various activities are conducted with partners such as leading Universities in the countries, other associations and industry partners, including but not limited to public lectures, workshops, projects, research and consultation as well as in near future the IPMA 4-LC-Certification.